When you pass away, all of your individually-owned assets are “locked” until someone receives court authority to access them. In probate, that individual is known as your estate’s personal representative (also known as an executor in other states). Whether you nominate the personal representative in your will or a family member petitions to serve as the personal representative, he or she can’t take control of your assets until the probate court formally appoints them and issues Letters Testamentary to prove their authority. As such, the personal representative won’t be able to access or sell any estate assets until probate is opened.

Note that this rule only applies to a decedent’s individually-owned assets—it does not apply to assets with a joint owner with rights of survivorship (JTWROS). Probating the decedent’s share of ownership in JTWROS property isn’t necessary, and the joint owner is free to sell the asset immediately after the decedent passes away (though the title company may need to see a copy of the death certificate).

Need to speak to an experienced probate attorney?

Get in touch with us today!

Contact Us Now

Ryan Hodges was such a huge help to us. When my sister in law passed we didn’t know where to even start. We called him and he got on the ball right away. We live out of state so he took care of all the court processing and filling out all the paperwork for us. When we had questions he would get back right away and always had the answers. He got us through this troubling time with professionalism and we couldn’t have gotten through this without him and JacksonWhite Law firm.read more

chrissy S.
20:24 20 Oct 20

Can't say enough good about Ryan Hodges and his assistance with my dad's missing Trust paperwork. He provided me with an excellent suggestion and details on how to potentially find the attorney who originally drafted up the Trust. His ideas came through and we now have the Trust in hand and can avoid probate! Thank you Ryan for helping during a challenging time.read more

Lori F.
18:36 16 Oct 20

We retained Ryan Hodges to do some work for us on my mom's estate. He was so efficient and prompt in everything he did for us. I would highly recommend Ryan and would definitely do business with him again.

Bob and Nancy W.
15:54 15 Oct 20

Ryan Hodges at Jackson White Law Firm made the probate/estate process for my late husband much less scary than I had anticipated it would be (due to my lack of previous knowledge of how the process works - fear of the unknown!). I was overwhelmed with a seemingly insurmountable to-do list related to my late husband's affairs, but it quickly became apparent what a tremendous blessing it was to have Ryan on board to take care of this big item on my plate. He was professional, courteous, and highly responsive, answering my questions, providing detailed step by step instructions all along the way, and never making me feel like an inconvenience to him. I would highly recommend Ryan and the Jackson White Law Firm to anyone in need of estate and/or probate services!read more

Cynthia and Scott B.
01:54 26 Aug 20

Ryan Hodges was a tremendous help in settling my grandmother’s estate. He provided us with multiple options and shared information that allowed me to keep costs down. He was very responsive, informative, and made the process seamless. I’ll be utilizing Jackson White again.read more

Barbara R.
20:42 05 Aug 20

Ryan Hodges did an excellent job in handling the probate process for my mother's property in Phoenix. Due to the restrictions brought about from Covid-19, this process had to be handled remotely & Ryan made sure everything went smoothly.read more

Jeff R.
16:34 04 Aug 20

I suddenly found myself responsible for my brother’s complicated estate and reached out to Jackson White. Ryan Hodges is personable and professional and did an extremely efficient job processing a large amount of court documents for a very reasonable fee.Thank you again!read more

Ann F.
15:44 27 Jul 20

After 5 long years since my father in law passed ...I had Mr. Hodges help me with his estate and I can honestly say my attorney did an outstanding job, very efficient very professional and compassionate I will definitely without a doubt recommended the firm to all my family and friends. Thx you so much and will definitely continue to use the great service provided 😉read more

Carlos V.
01:02 09 Jul 20

I engaged Attorney Ryan Hodges of Jackson White in AZ, to assist me in settling my brothers estate. I live in MA and have no knowledge of AZ law.Attorney Hodges did a tremendous job from start to finish. There were no unexpected surprises from start to conclusion. He explained everything in great, easy to understand detail as to what to expect and what I needed to do. His responsiveness to questions were always received the same day. And regarding fees, I felt they were reasonable with no hidden or unexpected fees or expenses. I highly recommend Attorney Hodges for handling your estate needs.read more

Phil B.
23:01 02 Jul 20

My lawyer, Ryan Hodges is the best!!!! He helped me through an emotional time and handling my uncle's estate. He is very understanding, committed and he did not treat me like a"just a client.... he treated me with respect and understanding of what I was going through. He always responded to any questions or concerns I had. He was clear in any of explanation of what I needed to do and guided me all the way to the very end. I know my uncle would have liked him and would be proud that I had hired him on to help me take care of his estate. I would recommend mr. Hodges to Everybody!!!!read more

Theresa O.
23:24 24 Jun 20

No better way to get you through the complexities of working through a trust! Ryan Hodges, Colton Johnston and staff were awesome, made sure every detail was covered through completion! I highly recommend them!

Steve M.
19:57 01 Jun 20

Ryan Hodges was the attorney I turned to when my father passed away last Labor Day. He was professional, courteous and compassionate during a very difficult time. Helped me thru the estate process in detail and always responded to my numerous inquiries with complete information and great attitude. I would HIGHLY recommend his services.read more

Kim S.
01:11 14 May 20


What is Probate?

Probate is the process of settling a decedent’s liabilities and distributing their remaining assets. Most probate cases are guided by the decedent’s last will and testament, where the testator (the person writing the will) nominates a personal representative, chooses a guardian for minor children (if applicable), and bequeaths his or her assets. When someone dies without a will, their estate is considered “intestate” and will be probated according to the state’s intestacy laws.

In the state of Arizona, probate is guided by the Uniform Probate Code (UPC). The UPC has been adopted in its entirety by 18 states and partially by most other states, and is intended to unify probate proceedings across state lines. The guidelines in the UPC are codified in Arizona Revised Statutes Title 14 (ARS 14).

How to Be Appointed as Personal Representative of an Estate

If you have been nominated to serve as the personal representative to an estate, or if you wish to be appointed personal representative to an intestate estate, you’ll need to file a petition for probate with the probate court in the county where the decedent lived or owned property. Every county has its own forms and requirements, so it’s best to check the county probate court’s website or call the court clerk to determine exactly what you need to submit. As an example, here’s what the Maricopa County probate court requires:

How to Sell a Car in Probate

Once you have been formally appointed by the court, the process of selling the decedent’s car is mostly the same as how you’d go about selling your own vehicle:

  1. Determine the fair market value – in most cases, checking the car’s value on a site like Kelley Blue Book is the only due diligence you’ll need to do. If the car is a rare or specialty vehicle, you may need to have the vehicle professionally appraised.
  2. Place an ad for sale – keep in mind that you’ll want to place a for-sale-ad even if you already have a private sale lined up. If you sell the car without attempting to get a better offer, you may be in trouble if an interested party to the estate files a complaint and is able to prove that you sold the car for less than you could have.
  3. Collect the proceeds – when you sell the vehicle, have the buyer write the check out to the estate. If you get cash for the sale, deposit the funds in the estate checking account as soon as possible.
  4. Record a bill of sale – it’s important to document everything you do on behalf of the estate, and collecting receipts is a big part of that responsibility.
  5. Sign over the title – as the personal representative, you have the right to sign over the title by signing your own name (i.e. you don’t have to sign the decedent’s name). It’s best to print your name, sign the document, and then add “personal representative.”
  6. Have the title notarized – both the personal representative and the buyer should sign in the presence of a notary public, and have the transfer notarized.

After you have sold the car and transferred the title, don’t forget to call the auto insurance company and cancel the decedent’s insurance policy. Auto insurance companies may be willing to issue a refund for premiums paid after the vehicle was sold, but the process is a whole lot easier when you cancel the policy promptly. Note that you may need to provide the insurance company with a copy of the death certificate and your Letters Testamentary to validate your authority.

What to Do If There is a Lien on the Car

If there’s a lien on the car, you’ll need to settle the note and obtain a clear title before you can sell the car. Call the bank or finance company that’s carrying the note, request a payoff amount, and submit the appropriate payment along with a copy of the death certificate and the Letters Testamentary. Upon receiving these, the finance company will issue a clear title, made out to the estate. If you need to use the proceeds of the sale to pay off the car loan, as the buyer to meet you at the bank or finance company to complete the sale.

The Small Estate Exemption

The state of Arizona offers a small estate exemption that allows smaller estates to complete the probate process by affidavit rather than actually going through probate. To qualify, the estate must have less than $100,000 in real property (house, land, condo) and less than $75,000 in personal property (vehicles, financial accounts, personal possessions, etc.). The party managing the estate will need to wait at least 6 months after the decedent’s passing in order to allow enough time for the decedent’s creditors to submit claims to the estate. Once the estate’s debts, taxes, and bills are paid, the managing party is free to sell the assets, distribute the proceeds, and file the small estate affidavit with the county probate court.

Call Probate Attorney Ryan Hodges at (480)467-4365 to discuss your case today.

Schedule Your Consultation

Fill out the form below to get your consultation and discuss your best legal options.