The main difference between probation and parole has to do with when they occur. You get probation as a sentence and parole after serving part of your sentence in Arizona. They are both used as ways to reduce the amount of time you spend in prison after being convicted of a crime.
It is important that you understand that there are different rules and procedures for applying for probation and parole. If you are an adult when convicted, the court may decide that your case is not serious or that you have too many problems to go to prison.
After this decision, they may decide to put you on probation. It is like a good behavior bond. If you behave according to the rules set out by the court order, you will not be sent to prison during the period of probation. However, if you break the terms of the court order, there is a high chance that you will be sent to prison.
Probation As a Form of Community Supervision
Although people on parole and probation are supervised in the community, the parolee (one who gets parole) has already served a prison sentence. The one on probation has not yet served a prison sentence but is always at risk of doing so if they break the rules.
A probation agency is given the task of supervising offenders in the community. They will allocate an officer that will make an application to the court and set out some of the terms you must meet. You are still convicted, but you are not sent to a correctional center.
Parole After Serving Time
Many people do not serve their entire time in prison. For example, someone that is sentenced to 15 years in jail may end up serving 10 years. They can be released because of their good behavior or because the state policy says so. This does not mean they are no longer convicted or that they are not under imprisonment. It just means that they continue serving the rest of their prison time in the community.
The parole board will sit down to consider the applications from these prisoners. If and when they allow the parole, they will set out the terms that the person has to follow in order to avoid being sent back to jail. These terms may include not taking drugs and making regular reports to the police station.
They may also include paying court fines, not associating with known criminals, and staying in the country. Most importantly, the person is not allowed to commit any crime during their parole period. If they do, they will be sent back to prison to serve the rest of their time incarcerated. In addition, they will have to serve a prison sentence for the new crime.
The Split Sentence
You may be given what is known as a “split sentence“. This means you have a short time in prison that is followed by a longer probation time. The conditions for each part of the sentence follow the rules that are described above.